Bone grafting is a crucial procedure in dental surgery, particularly for patients requiring dental implants or those suffering from bone loss due to periodontal disease, trauma, or congenital defects. This process involves transplanting bone tissue to augment or regenerate bone in areas where it is deficient, providing a stable foundation for dental restorations.

Autograft: Harvested from the patient’s own body, often from the jaw or hip, ensuring biocompatibility and reducing the risk of rejection.

Allograft: Donor bone material processed to be safe for implantation, sourced from a tissue bank.

Xenograft: Bone derived from animal sources, usually bovine, treated to be biocompatible and safe for human use.

Alloplastic: Synthetic bone graft substitutes made from materials like hydroxyapatite or tricalcium phosphate, offering an alternative to natural bone.

Dental Implants: Enhancing bone volume and quality to support the placement of implants.

Periodontal Surgery: Regenerating bone lost due to gum disease.

Trauma Repair: Reconstructing bone following injury or fracture.

Orthognathic Surgery: Correcting congenital or developmental jaw deformities.

Bone grafting in dental surgery provides a critical solution for rebuilding and reinforcing bone structure, enabling successful dental restorations and improved patient outcomes. The use of advanced materials and precise surgical techniques ensures effective bone regeneration and long-term stability.